正规彩票软件2020

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理论调研
 
破产债权人程序自治概论
论行政行为的成熟性标准
“明股实债”模式下的股东资格...
次位的违约救济——请求给付发...
认罪认罚从宽制度中律师作用的...
不动产让与担保的实践与思考
房地产开发企业破产中的购房人...
在限制与保护之间——同人作品...
 
法律资讯
 
浙江省物价局 浙江省司法厅关...
浙江省高级人民法院印发《关于...
浙江省高级人民法院 浙江省人...
浙江省高级人民法院 人民检察...
关于公职律师岗前培训工作有关...
关于印发《浙江省公职律师管理...
正规彩票软件2020证券法律业务执业规...
正规彩票软件2020名称管理办法
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鐞嗚璋冪爺
认罪认罚从宽制度中律师作用的发挥
发表时间: 2019-10-15 发布者: Admin 点击率: 905

ZHEJIANGZHONGSHENGZHENGGUICAIPIAORUANJIAN2020    TIAN  YE  ZHUSHUNDE

    NEIRONGTIYAO: RENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUSHIGUOJIASHENRUTUIJINSIFATIZHIGAIGEDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,2018NIANXINGSHISUSONGFAXIUDINGHOU,GAIZHIDUYIJINGMINGQUEXIEJINFALVTIAOWEN。LVSHIXIEZHUBEIZHUISURENRENZUIRENFA,NENGGOUQUEBAOQIZAISHITISHANGHECHENGXUSHANGDEDAOGONGPINGDEDUIDAI,QUEBAOQIYIZHIZIYOU。RENZUIRENFAANJIANZHONG,ZAIZHENCHAJIEDUANYAOFUYULVSHIBUFENYUEJUANQUANHEXUNWENSHIDEZAICHANGQUAN,LVSHIZAISHENCHAQISUJIEDUANYAOCHONGFENFAHUIXIESHANGZUOYONG,SHENPANJIEDUANYAOCHONGFENLIYONGTINGQIANHUIYI,ZUIDAXIANDUWEIHUFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENDEQUANYI。

    GUANJIANCI: RENZUI  RENFA  LVSHI  FANZUIXIANYIREN

    ZAIZONGJIELEBEIJING、HANGZHOUDENG18GECHENGSHIKAIZHANRENZUIRENFAZHIDUSHIDIANDEJICHUSHANG,[1]2018NIAN10YUE26RIDISHISANJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDILIUCIHUIYIZAIBIAOJUETONGGUODEXINGSHISUSONGFAXIUDINGZHONGJIANGRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUXIEJINFALVTIAOWENZHONG。JUTONGJI,ZAIXINGSUFAXIUGAIDE26XIANGZHONG,RENZUIRENFAZHIDUDENEIRONGZHAN13XIANG;ZAIXINGSUFASHEJIXIUGAIDE36TIAOZHONG,SHEJIRENZUIRENFADETIAOWENZHAN18TIAO,LIANGZHEDEZHANBIDOUDADAOLE50%。[2]YINCI,RENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUZAIZUIXINXIUDINGDEXINGSUFANEIRONGZHONGDEZHONGYAOXINGWUYONGZHIYI。ZUIXINXIUDINGDEXINGSUFABINGWEIJIANGRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUZUOWEIYIXIANGDULIDESUSONGCHENGXUQUELI,ERSHIJIANGGAIZHIDUDENEIRONGQIANRUZAIJIANYICHENGXU、SUCAICHENGXU、PUTONGCHENGXUZHONG,QISHIYONGYUXINGSUDEZHENCHA、SHENCHAQISU、SHENPANDENGGEJIEDUAN,ZHEIYIFANGMIANTIXIANLELIFAJIGOUDUIDAIRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUDEJINSHENTAIDU,LINGYIFANGFANGMIANYOUJIANGGAIZHIDUYUXINGSUFAYUANYOUDEGUIDINGYOUJIDEJIEHEQILAI,CHONGFENKAOLVLEGAIZHIDUDESHIYONGJIQIJIAZHIDEFAHUI。

    RENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUDESHELIJIANGULESIFADEGONGZHENGHEXIAOLV,FUHEKUANYANXIANGJIDEXINGSHIZHENGCE,NENGGOUJISHICHENGFAFANZUI,TIGAOSIFAXIAOLV,SHIXIANANJIANDEFANJIANFENLIU,HUANJIEANJIANDUORENSHOUSHAODEMAODUN。RENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUFENGFULEWOGUOXINGSHISUSONGMOSHIDENEIHAN,DUITUIJIN“YISHENPANWEIZHONGXIN”DEXINGSHISUSONGZHIDUGAIGEYEJUYOUSHIFENZHONGYAODECUJINZUOYONG。

    GENJUXINGSHISUFAGUIDING“FANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENZIYUANRUSHIGONGSHUZIJIDEZUIXING,CHENGRENZHIKONGDEFANZUISHISHI,YUANYIJIESHOUCHUFADE,KEYIYIFACONGKUANCHULI。[3]”GUCI,JIURENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUDENEIHANERYAN,“RENZUI”,SHIZHIXINGSHIBEIZHUISURENRUSHIGONGSHUZIJIZUIXING,DUIZHIKONGDEFANZUISHISHIMEIYOUYIYI。SUOWEI“RENFA”,SHIBEIZHUISURENRENKERENMINJIANCHAYUANDELIANGXINGJIANYI。[4]GUANYU“CONGKUAN”WENTI,YIFANGMIANBAOKUOCHENGXUFANGMIANDECONGKUAN,RUDUIDANGSHIRENSHIYONGJIANYICHENGXU、SUCAICHENGXU,ZHEIXIECHENGXUNENGGOUXUNSUJIEAN,JIESHUFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENDUIXINGFABUKEZHIDEXIAOGUO。LINGYIFANGMIANSHISHITIJIEGUOSHANGDECONGKUAN,FANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENTONGGUOZIJIDERENZUIRENFA,YIHUANQUCONGQING、JIANQINGHUOZHEMIANCHUCHUFADEJIEGUO。

    YI、LVSHIZAIRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUZHONGBUKEHUOQUE

    ZAIXINGSHISUSONGZHONG,JIUCANYUWEIHUFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENDEHEFAQUANYIDESUSONGCANYURENERYAN,LVSHIZHUYAOFENSANLEI,JIBIANHULVSHI、FALVYUANZHULVSHIHEZHIBANLVSHI。FALVYUANZHUDELVSHISUIRANSHISHOUFALVYUANZHUJIGOUDEZHIPAICANYUBIANHUGONGZUO,DANQIXIANGYOUDEBIANHUQUANYUBIANHULVSHIWUYI。YINCI,BENWENZHITAOLUNBIANHULVSHIHEZHIBANLVSHIZUOYONGDEFAHUI。JIYUDUIRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUJIBENNEIHANDEFENXI,BUNANKANCHU,RENZUIRENFAJIUBIAOMINGFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENZHENGZAIDUIZIJIQUANLIJINXINGCHUZHI,GAIZHIDUXUYAOFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENDUIQISHITIQUANLIDECHUZHI,YOUSHEJIDUIQICHENGXUQUANLIDECHUZHI,ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONG,WEICHONGFENBAOZHANGDANGSHIRENDEHEFAQUANYI,QUEBAORENZUIRENFADEZIYUANXINGHEHEFAXING,ZUOWEIJUYOUZHUANYEZHISHIDEBIANHULVSHI、ZHIBANLVSHIFAHUIZHEZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。

    (YI)XIEZHUFANZUIXIANYIRENRENZUIRENFA,QUEBAOQIYIZHIZIYOU。

    RENZUIRENFADEXINGSHISUSONGGUOCHENGYESHIKONGBIANDUIKANGDEGUOCHENG。FANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENYOUQUANHUODEBIANHUYUANZESHIYIXIANGXIANFAXINGDEXINGSHISUSONGJIBENYUANZE。[5]RENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUXIABIANHUQUANYIRANSHIFANZUIXIANYIRENZUIWEIZHONGYAODEQUANLI,DANDUOSHUQINGKUANGXIA,FANZUIXIANYIRENBINGBUJUBEIXIANGYINGDEFALVZHISHI,DUIANSHEDEZUIMINGHEXINGFADOUQUEFABIYAODELEJIE,HENNANSHUORENZUIRENFASHICHUYUDUIANJIANDEKEGUANZHENSHIDIDEFANYING。ZAICIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,BIANHULVSHI、ZHIBANLVSHIPINGJIEQIZHUANYEDEZHISHIHELENGJINGLIXINGDESIWEI,XIEZHUFANZUIXIANYIRENZUOCHUZHENGQUEDEXUANZE,KEYIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZENGQIANGYUZHENCHAJIGUAN、JIANCHAJIGUANDENGGONGQUANLIJIGUANDEDUIKANG,SHIXIANSHUANGFANGLILIANGDEPINGHENG,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGSHIXIANKONGBIANSHUANGFANGLIYIJUNHENGDEWAIBUHUANJING,JINERCHONGFENBAOZHANGFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENZUOCHURENZUIRENFAJUEDINGSHIYIZHIDEZIYOU,FANGZHICHUXIANXIEPO、YINYOUDENGQINGKUANGDEFASHENG。

    (ER)QUEBAOFANZUIXIANYIRENZAISHITISHANGDEDAOGONGPINGDEDUIDAI。

    GENJUXINGSUFAGUIDING,FANZUIXIANYIRENQIANSHUJUJIESHUZIYUANRENZUIHETONGYILIANGXING,BIANHURENHUOZHEZHIBANLVSHIYINGDANGZAICHANG。[6]QIEBULUNZHEIZHONG“ZAICHANGQUAN”XINGZHIRUHE,BIANHULVSHIHUOZHEZHIBANLVSHIZAICHANGBIRANCUNZAIYIGEQIANTI,JIDUIFANZUIXIANYIRENDEFANZUIXINGWEIJINXINGLECHONGFENDELEJIEBINGRENKELEFANZUIXIANYIRENDERENZUIRENFA,FOUZEBIANHULVSHIHUOZHIBANLVSHIJIANGMIANLINJIDADEZHIYEFENGXIAN。ERFANZUIXIANYIRENJUTIDEFANZUIXINGWEIYOUSHIRENMINJIANCHAYUANZHIKONGZUIMINGHELIANGXINGJIANYITICHUDEYIJU,GUCI,ZHENDUIFANZUIXIANYIRENDEFANZUIXINGWEIZHEIYISHITIWENTIDEFENXIJIUCHENGWEIBIANHULVSHIHUOZHIBANLVSHIDEGONGZUOHEXIN,BIANHULVSHIHUOZHEZHIBANLVSHIBIRANHUIQIONGJINLILIANGLIQINGANJIANDESHISHIJICHUHEFALVYIJUYICANYUFANZUIXIANYIRENDERENZUIRENFA,CONGERJIFANZUIXIANYIRENZHUANYEDEJIEDA,SHIQILIXINGDEZUOCHUPANDUAN,QUEBAOFANZUIXIANYIRENZAISHITISHANGDEDAOGONGPINGDEDUIDAI。

    (SAN)QUEBAOFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENZAICHENGXUSHANGDEDAOGONGPINGDEDUIDAI。

    GENJUXINGSUFAGUIDING,“FANZUIXIANYIRENRENZUIRENFA,FUHESUCAICHENGXUSHIYONGTIAOJIAN,YINGDANGZAISHIRIYINEIZUOCHUJUEDING”[7],“BEIGAORENRENZUIRENFABINGTONGYISHIYONGSUCAICHENGXU,KEYISHIYONGSUCAICHENGXU”,[8]“SHIYONGSUCAICHENGXUSHENLIANJIAN,RENMINFAYUANYINGDANGZAISHIRIYINEISHENJIE,DUIKENENGPANCHUDEYOUQITUXINGCHAOGUOYINIANDE,KEYIYANZHANGZHISHIWURI。”[9]FANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENRENZUIRENFAHOUZAICHENGXUQUANLIDECHUZHISHANG,BIAOXIANWEIDUISUCAICHENGXUSHIYONGDEXUANZEQUAN。RENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUSHIXIANLEXINGSHIANJIANDEFANJIANFENLIU,JIEYUELESUSONGZIYUAN。ZAIBIANHULVSHI、ZHIBANLVSHIDEJIJIBANGZHUXIA,FANZUIXIANYIRENBEIGAORENXUANZEQIADANGDECHENGXU,BIMIANCUOWUDECHENGXU,CHONGFENSHIXIANSUSONGCHENGXUDEGONGPINGDUIDAI。

    ER、LVSHIZAIRENZUIRENFAANJIANDEZHENCHA、SHENCHAQISU、SHENPANJIEDUANZUOYONGDEFAHUI

    DANGQIANWOGUOZHENGTUIJINYISHENPANWEIZHONGXINDEXINGSHISUSONGZHIDUGAIGE,JIANCHIZUNZHONGHEBAOZHANGRENQUANYUANZE,YOUXIAOFANGFANHEDUJUEXINGSHIYUANJIACUOANDEFASHENG。[10]JIURENZUIRENFAANJIANERYAN,LVSHIYINGDANGCHENGWEIFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENDEZHUXINGU,BANGZHUFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENLEJIEZIJIXINGWEIDEXINGZHIHEHOUGUO,JIDANGSHIRENHELIHUAJIANYI,BANGZHUDANGSHIRENZUOCHUYOULIYUZIJIDEXUANZE。ZAIQUERENFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENRENZUIRENFADEQIANTIXIA,BIANHULVSHIZHUYAOSHIWEIDANGSHIRENZUOZUIQINGBIANHU,ZAIBUTONGDESUSONGJIEDUAN,BIANHULVSHIYINGDANGCHONGFENXINGSHIBIANHUQUAN,ZUIDACHENGDUWEIHUFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENDELIYI。ZHIBANLVSHICHONGFENLVXINGXINGSHISUSONGFASUOFUYUDE“FALVZIXUN、CHENGXUXUANZEJIANYI、SHENQINGBIANGENGQIANGZHICUOSHI、DUIANJIANCHULITICHUYIJIAN”[11]DENGFALVBANGZHUZHIZE。

    (YI)LIANZHENCHAJIEDUAN

    GUANYUZAIZHENCHAJIEDUANSHIFOUSHIYONGRENZUIRENFAZHIDU,BIZHERENWEIKENDINGHUIDASHIWUYONGZHIYIDE。CONGQIANJINIANRENZUIRENFASHIDIANQINGKUANGDESHIYONGSHANGLAIKAN,FANZUIXIANYIRENRENZUIRENFADESHIJIANYUEZAO,QIHOUDELIANGXINGJIANYIJIUYUEQING。GENJUXINGSUFAGUIDING,BIANHULVSHITIGONGBANGZHUDESHIJIANDIANSHIFANZUIXIANYIRENBEIZHENCHAJIGUANDIYICIXUNWENHUOZHECAIQUQIANGZHICUOSHIZHIRI。DUIYUZHIBANLVSHIJIERUDESHIJIAN,XINXIUDINGDEXINGSUFAMEIYOUMINGQUEGUIDING,WEILECHONGFENBAOZHANGFANZUIXIANYIRENDEHEFAQUANYI,ZHIBANLVSHIDANGRANYINGGAIZAIZHENCHAJIEDUANJIUWEIFANZUIXIANYIRENTIGONGZHENGGUICAIPIAORUANJIAN2020。ZAIZHENCHAJIEDUAN,JIANYULVSHIBUNENGYUEJUAN,LVSHIYAOCHONGFENZUOHAOHUIJIANFANZUIXIANYIRENDEGONGZUO,LVSHIYAOBAANSHEDEZUIMINGXIANGGUANDEFALVZHISHIQUANMIANDEJIESHAOJIFANZUIXIANYIREN,TONGSHIYEYAOJIANGANJIANKENENGSHEJIDEZHENGGESUSONGDECHENGXUGAOZHIJIFANZUIXIANYIREN,BANGZHUFANZUIXIANYIRENQUANMIAN、JISHI、ZHUNQUEDILEJIESHEANDEFALVZHISHI。ZAIZHENCHAJIEDUAN,LVSHIZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANDERENWU。YISHIWENDINGFANZUIXIANYIRENDEQINGXU,SHUHUANFANZUIXIANYIRENJIYUBEIXIANZHIRENSHENZIYOUERZAOCHENGDEJINZHANGDEXINLI,BANGZHUFANZUIXIANYIRENLIXINGLENGJINGDIFENXIFANZUIXINGWEI,XIEZHUFANZUIXIANYIRENZUOCHUZHENGQUEDEPANDUAN。ERSHIDUANZHENGFANZUIXIANYIRENDETAIDU,BANGZHUQIRENSHIRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUDEJIBENNEIHAN。FANZUIXIANYIRENZAICHONGFENRENZHILERENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUZHIHOU,MINGXILEGAIXIANGZHIDUDUIZIJIDELIBI,YINCI,FANZUIXIANYIRENWEILEHUOQUCONGKUANCHULIDEJIHUI,HUIJIJIPEIHEZHENCHAJIGUANDEGONGZUO。SANSHIFENXIYANPANFANZUIXIANYIRENDEJINGSHENZHUANGTAI,RUOYOUKENENGSHUYUJINGSHENBINGRENDEQINGXING,YINGDANGJISHISHENQINGJINGSHENBINGJIANDING。SISHIJISHILEJIEFANZUIXIANYIRENSHIFOUCUNZAIBEIXINGXUNBIGONGDEQINGKUANG,BINGJIJIDIWEIBEIJIYADEFANZUIXIANYIRENSHENQINGQUBAOHOUSHEN。

    ZAIZHENCHAJIEDUAN,ZHENCHAJIGUANXIANGBIFANZUIXIANYIRENERYANJUYOUJUEDUIDEYOUSHIDIWEI,ZHENCHAJIEDUANSHIZHENGJUCAILIAOXINGCHENGDEJICHUJIEDUAN,ZAIZHEIYIJIEDUAN,FANZUIXIANYIRENRENSHENZIYOUSHOUDAOKONGZHI,YIZHIZUIRONGYIBENGKUI,ZHENCHAJIGUANRUOCISHIFEIFAHUODEKOUGONGYEXIANGDUIBIJIAORONGYI。YINCIRUHEBAOZHANGRENZUIDEZIYUANXING、ZHENSHIXING,DUJUEXINGXUNBIGONGSHICHULIRENZUIRENFACONGKUANANJIANZHONGYINGGAIZHONGDIANKAOLVDEWENTI。RENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUKEGUANSHANGTISHENGLEKOUGONGZAIXINGSHISUSONGZHONGDEDIWEI,CUSHIZHENCHAJIGUANHUODEKOUGONGDEQIANGLIEYUANWANG。SHISHISHANGWOGUOXIANYOUDEGONGSHUBAOZHANGJIZHIBINGBUWANSHAN,RUFEIFAKOUGONGPAICHUGUIZE、TONGBULUYINLUXIANGZHIDUBINGBUNENGWANQUANDUJUEFEIZIYUANGONGSHUDEQINGKUANG。BIANHULVSHI、ZHIBANLVSHIZUOWEIFANZUIXIANYIRENLIYIDEZHUANMENWEIHUZHE,SUIRANYOUSHANGWENSUOTIDAODEYIXIEQUANLI,DANCISHIQIGENGDUOCHUYUBEIDONGDIWEI,YEQUESHAOBAOZHANGQIGONGSHUZIYUANXINGDEJUTITUJING。JISHIZAIANJIANDEGUOCHENGZHONGQUANCHENGLUYINLUXIANG,FANZUIXIANYIRENZAIZHEIYIJIEDUANYEFEICHANGYOUKENENGZUOCHUWEIXINDEGONGSHU,SHIXIANPAILIANZAIJINXINGLUXIANGBINGFEIMEIYOUFASHENGGUO。ZAIZHENCHAJIEDUAN,RUGUOFANZUIXIANYIRENYIJINGCHENGRENLEZIJIDEZUIXING,ZEZAISHENCHAQISUJIEDUANHESHENPANJIEDUANJIUHENNANTUIFANZIJIDEGONGSHU,YINCI,ZHENCHAJIEDUANFANZUIXIANYIRENBIANHUQUANDEBAOZHANGYOUWEIZHONGYAO,ZHEIYEYINGXIANGZHEANJIANSHIYONGDECHENGXUHEZOUSHI。DUICIYAOZUODAO“LIANGWANSHANYIXIHUA”。

    1.“LIANGWANSHAN”ZHIDESHIZHEZHONGWANSHANLIANGXIANGZHIDU,KUODALVSHIDEBIANHUQUANDEQUANXIAN。

    DIYI,FUYUBIANHULVSHIZHENCHAJIEDUANDEBUFENYUEJUANQUAN。

    GENJUXINGSUFADEGUIDING,LVSHIDEYUEJUANQUANSHICONGANJIANSHENCHAQISUZHIRIQIANKAISHIDE,LVSHIZAIZHENCHAJIEDUANBINGBUNENGCHAYUEYUANJIANYOUGUANDECAILIAO。DANSHIZAIRENZUIRENFAANJIANZHONG,FANZUIXIANYIRENZHUDONGJIAODAIZIJIDEFANZUIXINGWEI,WEILEBAOZHANGFANZUIXIANYIRENRENZUIDEZIYUANXINGHEZHUDONGXING,BIZHEJIANYIZAIZHENCHAJIEDUANYINGDANGFUYUBIANHULVSHIDUIZHENCHAJIGUANXUNWENBILUDEYUEJUANQUAN。ZHENCHAJIGUANDEXUNWENBILUNENGGOUZHIGUANDEFANYINGFANZUIXIANYIRENRENZUIRENFADEZHENGGEGUOCHENG,BIANHULVSHITONGGUOCHAYUEXUNWENBILUJIKEYIDUCUBANANJIGUANDEZHENCHAXINGWEI,YOUKEYIYUHUIJIANFANZUIXIANYIRENDEYANCIYIYIYINZHENG,WEIBIANHULVSHIZHENSHIKEGUANLEJIERENZUIRENFAGUOCHENGDEQUANMAOTIGONGLEZHONGYAODEBAOZHANG。

    DIER,FUYUBIANHULVSHI、ZHIBANLVSHIXUNWENDEZAICHANGQUAN

    XUNWENGUOCHENGYOUXIANDUDEGONGKAISHIZUIHAODEJIANDUWEIFAXUNWENDEFANGSHI。CONGYOUXIAOBIANHUDEJIAODUCHUFA,FANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENZUOCHURENZUIRENFADEBIAOSHUSHI,YINGGAIJISHIHUODELVSHIDEBANGZHU,RUCICAINENGBAOZHENGFANZUIXIANYIRENZUOCHUYOUZUIGONGSHUDEZIYUANXING、ZHENSHIXING,BAOZHENGRENZUIRENFACONGKUANCHENGXUQIDONGDEHELIXING。[12]YAOBAOZHENGFANZUIXIANYIRENJISHIDIHUODEBANGZHU,LVSHIJIUYAODIYISHIJIANCANYUDAOZHENCHAHUODONGZHONGLAI。ZHIYOUFUYULVSHIXUNWENDEZAICHANGQUAN,CAINENGZHENZHENGZUODAOFANZUIXIANYIRENHUODEJISHIDEBANGZHU。DUIXUNWENBILUDEYUEJUANGURANKEYILEJIEANJIANRENZUIRENFADEQUANMAO,DANZHEISHI“JINGZHI”DECAILIAO,ZHIYOUFUYULVSHIXUNWENSHIZAICHANGDEQUANLICAISHIFANYINGFANZUIXIANYIRENRENZUIRENFAQUANGUOCHENGDE“DONGTAI”CAILIAO。SUIZHEWOGUOSIFAGAIGEDESHENRUTUIJINHEFAXUEJIAOYUDEPENGBOFAZHAN,FALVGONGZUOZHEDESUZHIYUELAIYUEGAO,ZHIYELVSHIDERENSHUBUDUANSHANGSHENG,KEYITIGONGFALVZHENGGUICAIPIAORUANJIAN2020LVSHIDESHULIANGYEYUELAIYUEDUO。TONGSHI,GUOJIADUIXINGSHIANJIANBIANHUGONGZUOZHICHILIDUBUDUANJIADA,CONGGONGZUOJIZHI、DUIWUJIANSHE、ZIJINZHICHIDENGFANGMIANYUYIQUANFANGWEIBAOZHANG。[13]YINCI,BIANHULVSHIHEZHIBANLVSHIXUNWENZAICHANGDEJIBENTIAOJIANYIJINGJUBEI。

    2.“YIXIHUA”ZHIDESHIMINGQUEZHIBANLVSHIDESHENFENDIWEI,XIHUAZHIBANLVSHIFALVBANGZHUCAOZUOGUIFAN。

    DUIYUZHIBANLVSHIDEJIAOSE,YOUXUEZHETICHUBIXUFUYUQIBIANHURENDEFALVDIWEI。[14]BIZHERENWEI,GENJUXINXIUDINGDEXINGSUFAGUANYUZHIBANLVSHIDEXUANPAIJIGOUHETIAOJIAN、ZHIBANLVSHIDEGONGZUOZHIZE[15]YIJISIFASHIJIANZHONGZHIBANLVSHIZHIYEFENGXIANDENGFANGMIANKAOLV,JIANGZHIBANLVSHIDEJIAOSEDINGWEIWEI“FALVBANGZHUZHE”JIAOWEIHESHI。SHOUXIAN,ZHIBANLVSHISHIFALVYUANZHUJIGOUPAIZHU,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUQIYAOJIJILVXINGFALVYUANZHUJIGOUANPAIDEGONGZUOZHIZE,ZHIBANLVSHIYAODUIFALVYUANZHUJIGOUFUZE。QICI,GUOJIAPAIZHUZHIBANLVSHIDEQIANTISHIFANZUIXIANYIRENMEIYOUWEITUOBIANHUREN,QIMUDESHIJIFANZUIXIANYIRENTIGONGFALVBANGZHU,CHONGFENWEIHUFANZUIXIANYIRENDEQUANLI。ZAICI,CONGZHIBANLVSHIDEZHIQUANKAN,BINGMEIYOUBAOKUOYUEJUANQUAN、DIAOCHAQUZHENGQUANYIJICHUTINGBIANHUQUANDENGHEXINDEBIANHUQUANLI,SUOYISIFASHIJIANZHONG,ZHIBANLVSHIZAISHENCHAQISUJIEDUANJIANZHENGFANZUIXIANYIRENQIANDINGJUJIESHU,YIDANFANZUIXIANYIRENSHIGUYIRENZUIZUIZHONGDAOZHILECUOAN,QIJIANGHUIYOUYIDINGDEZHIYEFENGXIAN。JINER,RUOJIANGZHIBANLVSHIMANGMUDEBIANHURENHUA,ERBUFUZHIYIBIANHURENDEQUANLI,QIZHIYEFENGXIANZHIDABUNANXIANGXIANG。

    ZUOWEI“FALVBANGZHUZHE”DEZHIBANLVSHI,QIGONGNENGDINGWEIYEBUJINJINSHIJIESHIZHEHESHUOFUZHE,YEYINGGAISHIXIESHANGJIANDUZHE。[16]YINCIYAOCHONGFENFAHUIZHIBANLVSHIDEGONGNENG,GENGDAXIANDUDIWEIHUFANZUIXIANYIRENDESUSONGQUANLI,TONGSHIWEILEJIANGDIZHIBANLVSHIDEZHIYEFENGXIAN,ZEYOUBIYAOXIHUAZHIBANLVSHIZAIZHENCHAJIEDUANDEGONGZUOLIUCHENG、GONGZUOJILV,TIGAOGONGZUODAIYU,ZHENCHAJIGUANYAOQIESHILVXINGHAOGAOZHIYIWU,MINGQUEGAOZHIZHIBANLVSHICANYUDESHIJIANDIANJIZHIZE,KANSHOUSUOYEYINGGAICHUANGZAOGENGJIABIANLIDEGONGZUOTIAOJIANYIBAOZHANGZHIBANLVSHIGENGHAODIFAHUIYINGYOUDEZUOYONG。

    (ER)SHENCHAQISUJIEDUAN

    DUIYURENZUIRENFAANJIAN,SHENCHAQISUJIEDUANSHIGUANJIANHUANJIE,CONGRENZUIRENFASHIDIANDEJINGYANKAN,90%YISHANGJIANCHAJIGUANDELIANGXINGJIANYIHUIBEIFAYUANCAINA。[17]XINGSUFADI20TIAODIYIKUANGUIDING“RENMINFAYUANYIFAZUOCHUPANJUESHI,YIBANYINGDANGCAINARENMINJIANCHAYUANZHIKONGDEZUIMINGHELIANGXINGJIANYI”。ZAISHENCHAQISUJIEDUAN,LVSHIYUJIANCHAJIGUANLIANGXINGXIESHANGCUNZAIJIAODADEZULI。LIRU,WOGUOBUXUYAOPANCHUYOUQITUXING(SHIXING)DEZONGRENSHUSHUMUPANGDA,ZHANBIGAODA35%ZUOYOU[18]。LILUNSHANGERYAN,ZHEIXIEANJIANKEYISHIYONGRENZUIRENFACONGKUANCHENGXU,RANERJIANCHAJIGUANJIYUYIDINGDEYALIWANGWANGHENNANZUOCHUZHUODINGBUQISUDEJUEDING。YINCI,BIANHULVSHI、ZHIBANLVSHIZAISHENCHAQISUJIEDUANYINGDANGFAHUIXIESHANGZUOYONG,YICHONGFENDELIYOUSHUOFUJIANCHAGUANCONGKUANTICHULIANGXINGJIANYI,WEIFANZUIXIANYIRENZHENGQUZUIDAXIANDUDECONGKUANCHULI。RENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUZAISHENCHAQISUJIEDUANRUHETUPOLIANGXINGXIESHANGZULIDADEKUNJING,JIUCHENGWEISHIWUZHONGDEZHONGYAONANTI。

    DIYI,BIANHULVSHIYAOCHONGFENXINGSHIYUEJUANQUAN、HUIJIANQUAN。GENJUXINGSUFADEGUIDING,ANJIANZISHENCHAQISUZHIRIQI,KEYICHAYUEYOUGUANANJUANDECAILIAO。LVSHICHAYUEANJUANCAILIAO,MUDESHIQUANMIANLEJIEANJIANDEQINGKUANG。RUOZAIZHENCHAJIEDUANNENGZUODAOBIZHETICHUDEDUIXUNWENBILUDEYUEJUANQUANDANGRANWEIHAO,RURUOBURAN,BIANHULVSHIZAISHENCHAQISUJIEDUANKEYICHAYUEQUANBUANJIANCAILIAODEQINGKUANGXIA,YAORENZHENQUANMIANDEFENXIANJUANDEZHENGJUCAILIAO,BINGJIEHEHUIJIANFANZUIXIANYIRENDEJUTIQINGKUANGSHENSHIQIRENZUIRENFASHIFOUZIYUAN,SHIFOUYOUFALVSHANGDERENSHICUOWU,SHIFOUYOUZISHOUDEQINGJIE,SHIFOUCUNZAIZHENGJUFEIFACAIJIDEQINGKUANG,SHIFOUCUNZAIFANZUIXIANYIRENZUIQINGZHENGJUDEXINXIANSUODENG,BINGJIEHEJUTIQINGKUANGXIANGJIANCHAJIGUANTICHUYIJIANHUOSHENQINGDIAOCHAQUZHENG、SHENQINGDUIFANZUIXIANYIRENJINXINGJINGSHENBINGJIANDINGDENGCUOSHI。

    DIER,LVSHIYAOJISHIXIANGJIANCHAJIGUANTICHUBIANHUYIJIANHELIANGXINGJIANYI。GENJUXINGSUFAGUIDING,RENMINJIANCHAYUANSHENCHAANJIANYINGDANGTINGQUBIANHURENYIJIAN,BINGJILUZAIAN。LVSHITONGGUOYUEJUANHEHUIJIANHOU,YIJINGZHANGWOLEANJIANDEQUANMAO,JIANYURENZUIRENFAANJIANCHULIDEZHOUQIDUAN,LVSHIBIXUJISHIDETICHUBIANHUYIJIANHELIANGXINGDEJIANYI。CISHI,LVSHIYAOYIYIFENXIFANZUIXIANYIRENDEFADINGLIANGXINGQINGJIEHEZHUODINGLIANGXINGQINGJIEBINGXINGCHENGSHUMIANDEYIJIANHEJIANYITIGONGJIJIANCHAJIGUAN。ZHENCHAJIGUANHEJIANCHAJIGUANKENENGWUFASHOUJIDAOSUOYOUYOUZUIDEZHENGJU,DANGRANYEYOUKENENGYINWEISHUHUERWEISHOUJIWANQUANWUZUIZHENGJU,BIANHULVSHIZAIZHEIYIJIEDUANDUIYUCUNZAIFANZUIQINGJIEQINGWEI,JIANCHAJIGUANQUEMEIYOUZUOCHUZHUODINGBUQISUJUEDINGDEANJIAN,BIANHULVSHIYINGDANGJIJISHOUJIZHENGJUCAILIAO,BINGLIEMINGXIANGGUANSHISHIHEFALVGUIDING,JIANYIJIANCHAJIGUANZUOCHUZHUODINGBUQISUJUEDING。

    DISAN,YAOCHONGFENFAHUILVSHIZAISHENCHAQISUJIEDUANDEXIESHANGGONGNENG。ZAIRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUZHONG,SHENCHAQISUJIEDUANDELVSHIYINGGAIJIZHONGJIEJUELIANGXINGDEWENTI。ZAISUSONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YAODADAOKONGBIANPINGHENG。YISHIDUIYUKONGFANGDEZHIKONG,BIANHULVSHIYINGGAITICHUHEFADEFANZHIKONGYIJIAN,JINERYUGONGSUJIGUANBUDUANDEFANFUCUOSHANG,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANPINGHENGZHUANGTAI。ERSHIJIYUFANZUIXIANYIRENRENZUIDEDAQIANTI,LVSHIYAOJIJICUCHENGFANZUIXIANYIRENXIANGBEIHAIRENYIFANGTUIZANGTUIPEI、PEICHANGSUNSHIHEPEILIDAOQIAN,YIHUODEBEIHAIRENDELIANGJIE,BINGXIEZHUZHIZUOLIANGJIESHUJISHITIGONGJIJIANCHAJIGUAN。

    (SAN)TINGSHENBIANHUJIEDUAN

    ZAIRENZUIRENFAANJIANZHONG,RUGUOKONGBIANSHUANGFANGDEXIESHANGYIZHI,ZAISHENPANJIEDUANKONGBIANSHUANGFANGBUCUNZAIZHENGYIDECHANGHEXIA,FAGUANDESHENLIJIUBIANWEIJIANDANHUA。RUOBEIGAORENDERENZUIBUSHIZHENSHIYISIDEFANYING,FAGUANDEZHEIZHONGXINGSHIDESHENCHAZHIGUANZHONGYAO,KEYIFAXIANZHENCHAJIEDUAN、SHENCHAQISUJIEDUANDECUOWU。RUGUOBIANHULVSHISHIZAISHENPANJIEDUANCAICANYUDAOANJIANZHONGLAI,JIUYAOJINSHENDIXUANZEBIANHUDESILU,QUANMIANDEFENXIHENGLIANGSHIZUOWUZUIBIANHU、ZUIQINGHUOZHEBIANHUHAISHIZUOMIANCHUXINGSHIZERENDEBIANHU[19]。YOUQISHIZHUNBEIZUOWUZUIBIANHUSHI,XIANGDANGYUTUIFANLEBEIGAORENSHENQIANJIEDUANDERENZUIRENFA,YIDANMEIYOUSHIZUDEBAWO,WANGWANGHUIYINQIFAGUANDEFANGAN,JIERYINGXIANGDAOFAGUANKEGUANDISHENPAN。

    DIYI,BIANHULVSHIYINGGAICHONGFENLIYONGTINGQIANHUIYI,ZUIDAXIANDUWEIHUBEIGAORENDEQUANYI。GENJUXINGSUGUIDING,ZAIKAITINGYIQIAN,SHENPANRENYUANKEYIXIANGBIANHURENLEJIEQINGKUANG,TINGQUYIJIAN。ZAIZHEIYIHUANJIEZHONG,SHOUXIAN,BIANHULVSHIYAOJISHICHAYUEGONGSUJIGUANTIGONGDEZHENGJUCAILIAO,QUEBAOQIZHENSHIWANZHENG;QICI,BIANHULVSHIYAOYUGONGSUJIGUANJIJIDIGOUTONGZHENGGUICAIPIAORUANJIAN2020,ZAIYIXIESHANGWEIJIEJUEDECUNZAIZHENGYIDEWENTISHANG,LIQIUXINGCHENGYIZHIDEGUANDIAN。TINGQIANHUIYIZHENGYIDEJIAODIAN,ZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIZHENGMINGZUIQINGDEZHENGJUCAILIAODESHENCHAHESHISHANG。RUOKONGBIANSHUANGFANGNENGJIUCIWENTIDACHENGHEYI,BINGMINGQUEHEYIDEFALVYIJU,ZEBIANHULVSHIZAITINGSHENDANGTIANDEBIANHUJIANGHUISHUNLIDEJINXING。

    DIER,BIANHULVSHIYAOCHONGFENXINGSHICHUTINGBIANHUDEQUANLI。RENZUIRENFADEANJIANWANGWANGSHIYONGJIANYICHENGXUHUOZHESUCAICHENGXUJINXINGSHENLI,YUPUTONGCHENGXUXIANGBIJIAO,JIANYICHENGXUZHONGXINGSHISHENPANQUANDEFAGUANHUIDUIBIANLUNHUANJIEJINXINGJIANDANHUADELINGHUOCHULI,ERSUCAICHENGXUYIBANBUJINXINGFATINGBIANLUN,ZHISHITINGQUBIANHULVSHIYIJIAN。ZHEIJIUDUIBIANHULVSHIDEBIANHUGONGZUOTICHULEYANJUNDITIAOZHAN,BIANHULVSHIDEGUANDIANYAODEDAOFAGUANDERENKE,XUYAODUIZUIQINGZHENGJUQUANMIANZHANSHI,BIANHUDENEIRONGYAOJINLIZUODAOHUANHUANXIANGKOU,JUBEIYANMIDELUOJIXING。YINCI,ZAIBIANLUNHUANJIE,BIANHURENYIFANGMIANYAOCHONGFENLUNZHENGBEIGAORENCUNZAIFADINGDECONGQING、JIANQINGHUOZHEMIANCHUXINGFADEQINGKUANG,LINGYIFANGMIANYOUYAOCHENQINGSHUOAN,JUTIJIANGMINGBEIGAORENZHUODINGJIANQINGCHUFADEQINGJIE,RUBEIGAORENJIJIZHIFUSHOUHAIRENYILIAOFEIYONG、JIJITUIHUANZANGKUANZANGWU、JIAZHONGYOULAORENHEXIAOHAIXUYAOSHANYANGDENGDENG,ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAINENGZUIDAXIANDUDIWEIHUBEIGAORENDELIYI。

    DISAN,YISHENPANJUEHOU,BEIGAORENTICHUSHANGSUHOUBIANHURENDEYINGDUI。FANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENRENZUIRENFASHIQIZIYUANDEJIEGUO,YINCIZHEIZHONGJIEGUOYOUKEYIGENJUFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENDEGERENYIZHIERGAIBIAN。YEJIUSHISHUO,YINGGAIFUYUFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENRENZUIRENFADE“FANHUIQUAN”,ERQIEGAIQUANLIYINGGAIGUANCHUANYURENZUIRENFAHOUPANJUESHENGXIAOQIANXINGSHISUSONGDEGEGEJIEDUAN。TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,RENZUIRENFAANJIAN,YOUYUFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENZAISHENCHAQISUJIEDUANQIANDINGLEJUJIESHUZIYUANJIESHOUCHUFA,YINCIBEIGAORENZAIYISHENPANJUEBUHUITIQISHANGSU。DANSHIRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDURENGRANSHIYONGLIANGSHENZHONGSHENZHIDU,BINGMEIYOUBODUOBEIGAORENDESHANGSUQUAN。CISHIBAOZHANGBEIGAORENSHANGSUDEQUANLIYEJIUYIWEIZHERENKELEBEIGAORENDUIRENZUIRENFAFANHUIDEQUANLI。SHIJIANZHONGYEDEQUEYOURENZUIRENFADEBEIGAORENZAIYISHENPANJUEHOUTICHUSHANGSUDEANJIAN。[20]YISHENXUANPANHOU,BIANHULVSHIYIBANHUIZAICIHUIJIANBEIGAOREN,GAOZHIPANJUEJIEGUOBINGTINGQUBEIGAORENSHIFOUSHANGSUDEYIJIAN。CISHIBIANHULVSHIYIFANGMIANYAOGAOZHIBEIGAORENSHANGSUDEQUANLIHESHANGSUDEQIXIAN,LINGYIFANGMIANYAOTEBIESHUOMINGSHANGSUHOUKENENGMIANLINZHEJIANCHAJIGUANKANGSUDEYINGDUI,ZHEIYIWEIZHETUIFANLEJUJIESHUDEXIESHANGJIEGUO,SHENPANJIGUANDELIANGXINGQIANTIYEBUFUCUNZAI,JIANCHAJIGUANKANGSUHOUDUIBEIGAORENDECHUFABUSHOUSHANGSUBUJIAXINGDEXIANZHI,YOUKENENGHUICHUXIANERSHENJIAZHONGCHUFADEJIEGUO。

    SAN、JIANCHAJIGUANDIAOCHADEGONGZHIRENYUANRENZUIRENFAANJIAN,BIANHULVSHIZUOYONGDEFAHUI

    SIFASHIJIANZHONG,DALIANGDEZHIWUFANZUIANJIANDOUSHIFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENRENZUIANJIAN,BIANHULVSHIYAOJIEHECILEIANJIANDETESHUQINGKUANG,ZUIDAHUAWEIHUFANZUIXIANYIRENDEHEFALIYI。GENJUJIANCHAFADI31TIAODEGUIDING,SHEXIANZHIWUFANZUIDEBEIDIAOCHARENZHUDONGRENZUIRENFA,JIANCHAJIGUANKEYIZAIYISONGANJIANCAILIAOSHITICHUCONGKUANCHUFADEJIANYI。GENJUXIANYOUDEFALVGUIDING,JIANCHAJIGUANDEDIAOCHACHENGXUBUTONGYUZHENCHAJIGUANDEZHENCHACHENGXU,QIBUSHIYONGXINGSUFADEYOUGUANGUIDING,LVSHIYEBUNENGCANYUJIANCHAJIGUANDEDIAOCHACHENGXUZHONG,YINCI,DANGANJIANYISONGSHENCHAQISUHOU,BIANHULVSHIYAOZHENDUIGAILEIANJIANDETESHUQINGKUANGBAOZHANGFANZUIXIANYIRENDEHEFALIYI,YICILAIMIBUBIANHULVSHIBUNENGCANYUJIANCHAJIGUANDIAOCHACHENGXUDEBUZU。

    DIYI,LVSHIXIANGJIANCHAJIGUANZHENGQUSHIYONGQUBAOHOUSHENDEQIANGZHICUOSHI。JINGUANCILEIZHIWUFANZUIANJIANDEFANZUIZHUTIWEIGUOJIAJIGUANGONGZUORENYUANHUOZHESHIGUOJIAGONGZUORENYUAN,DABUFENFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENHAISHISHOUDANGDEJILVDEYUESHUDEDANGYUAN。DANSHI,CILEIFANZUIXIANYIRENZHIYAOFUHEXINGSUFAGUIDINGDEQUBAOHOUSHENDETIAOJIAN[21],BIANHULVSHI、ZHIBANLVSHIJIUYAOYIJUFALVSUOFUYUDESHENQINGBIANGENGQIANGZHICUOSHIDEQUANLIBANGZHUFANZUIXIANYIRENBANLIQUBAOHOUSHEN。

    DIER,BIANHULVSHIYAOTEBIEGUANZHUSHIFOUYOUWEIXIE、YINYOU、QIPIANDENGFEIFASHOUJIZHENGJUDEQINGKUANG,YIPAICHUFEIFAZHENGJU。ZAISHENCHAQISUJIEDUAN,LVSHICANYUBIANHUGONGZUOJIYAOYIJU《XINGSHISUSONGFA》DEGUIDING,YOUYAOYIJU《JIANCHAFA》DEGUIDING,ERLIANGBUFALVDOUGUIDINGLEFEIFAZHENGJUDEPAICHUSHIYONG。[22]BIANHULVSHIYAOZHUAZHUZAISHENCHAQISUJIEDUANHUISUSHENCHAJIANCHAJIGUANDIAOCHAHEFAXINGDEJIHUI,LIYONGHUIJIAN、YUEJUANDENGFANGSHI,ZHUYIJIANCHAJIGUANSHIFOUYOUCAIYONGWEIXIE、YINYOU、QIPIANDENGFEIFAFANGFASHOUJIZHENGJU,SHIFOUYOUWURU、DAMA、NVEDAI、TIFAHUOZHEBIANXIANGTIFABEIDIAOCHARENDEQINGKUANG。[23]RUGUOYOU,BIANHULVSHI、ZHIBANLVSHIYINGGAIYIFAXIANGJIANCHAJIGUANTICHUFEIFAZHENGJUYUYIPAICHUDEYIJIAN。

    DISAN,BIANHULVSHIYAOGUANZHUFANZUIXIANYIRENSHIFOUYOUJIANJUJIEFATARENFANZUIDEXINGWEI,SHIFOUYOUTIGONGXIANSUOBANGZHUDIAOCHAQITAANJIANDEQINGKUANG。GENJU《XINGFA》GUIDING,“FANZUIXIANYIRENSUIBUJUYOUQIANLIANGKUANGUIDINGDEZISHOUQINGJIE,DANSHIRUSHIGONGSHUZIJIZUIXINGDE,KEYICONGQINGCHUFA;YINQIRUSHIGONGSHUZIJIZUIXING,BIMIANTEBIEYANZHONGHOUGUOFASHENGDE,KEYIJIANQINGCHUFA”。GENJU《JIANCHAFA》DEGUIDING,RUGUOFANZUIXIANYIRENYOUJIANJUJIEFATARENFANZUIDEBIAOXIAN,HUOZHEYOUTIGONGXIANSUOBANGZHUDIAOCHAQITAANJIANDEQINGKUANG,JIANCHAJIGUANKEYIZAIXIANGJIANCHAJIGUANYISONGSHITICHUCONGKUANCHUFADEJIANYI。LINGWAI,《XINGSHISUSONGFA》YEGUIDINGLERENMINJIANCHAYUANZHUODINGBUQISUDEQINGXING,QIZHONGJIUBAOHANFANZUIXIANYIRENYOUZHONGDALIGONGHUOZHEANJIANSHEJIGUOJIAZHONGDALIYIDEQINGXING。BIANHULVSHIYAOCHONGFENLIYONGSHITIFAHECHENGXUFAGUANYUZHIWUFANZUIXIANYIRENYOULIDEFALVGUIDING,ZIXIDUIZHAOFANZUIXIANYIRENDEXINGWEI,YOUQISHIRENZHENHECHAZAIJIANCHAJIGUANDIAOCHACHENGXUZHONGSHIFOUYOURUSHANGDEXINGWEI,BINGJISHIYUJIANCHAJIGUANGOUTONGXIESHANG,TICHULVSHISHUMIANYIJIAN,BIYAOSHIYAOQIUFUJUANYISONGSHENPANJIGUAN,CONGERSHIXIANZAIZHIWUFANZUIXIANYIRENRENZUIRENFAHOUZUIYOULIDECONGKUANCHUFAXIAOGUO。




    [1] 2016NIAN9YUE3RISHANGWU,SHIERJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDIERSHIERCIHUIYIBIAOJUETONGGUOLE《GUANYUSHOUQUANZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN、ZUIGAORENMINJIANCHAYUANZAIBUFENDIQUKAIZHANXINGSHIANJIANRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUSHIDIANGONGZUODEJUEDING》,ZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN、ZUIGAORENMINJIANCHAYUAN、GONGANBU、GUOJIAANQUANBU、SIFABUYINFALE《GUANYUZAIBUFENDIQUKAIZHANXINGSHIANJIANRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUSHIDIANGONGZUODEBANFA》(2016NIAN11YUE16RIYINFA,FA[2106]386HAO)。http://news.xinhuanet.com/2016-09/03/c_1119506007.htm

    [2] HANXU: 《2018NIANXINGSUFAZHONGRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDU》,《FAZHIYANJIU》2019NIANDI1QI。

    [3] 《XINGSHISUSONGFA》DI15TIAO。

    [4] ZHANGXIANGJUN、GUYONGZHONG、CHENRUIHUA: 《JIANCHAHUANJIERENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUDESHIYONGYUCHENGXUWANSHAN》,《RENMINJIANCHA》2016NIANDI9QI。

    [5] CHENWEIDONGDENG: 《XINGSHISUSONGFAXUE(DIERBAN)》,2018NIAN8YUEDIERBAN,GAODENGJIAOYUCHUBANSHEDI74YE。

    [6] 《XINGSHISUSONGFA》DI174TIAO。

    [7] 《XINGSHISUSONGFA》DI172TIAO。

    [8] 《XINGSHISUSONGFA》DI222TIAO。

    [9] 《XINGSHISUSONGFA》DI225TIAO。

    [10] YISHENPANWEIZHONGXINXINGSHISUSONGZHIDUGAIGEZUOWEIZHONGYANGQUEDINGDEZHONGYAOSIFAGAIGENEIRONG,SHIWOGUOXINGSHISIFALINGYUZHONGDAGAIGEXIANGMUZHIYI。YISHENPANWEIZHONGXINDEXINGSHISUSONGZHIDUGAIGEZHUYAOYOUYIXIATEDIAN: GUANCHEYISHENPANWEIZHONGXINLINIAN,LUOSHITINGQIANHUIYIZHIDU,TUIJINTINGSHENSHIZHIHUAGAIGE,GUANCHEZHENGJUCAIPANGUIZE,FEIFAZHENGJUPAICHUGUIZE,YIZUICONGWU。ZAIYUZHONGGUOFAYUANWANG,http://www.chinacourt.org/article/detail/2018/10/id/3540035.shtml。

    [11] 《XINGSHISUSONGFA》DI36TIAO。

    [12] JIMIN,LIUJIE: 《ZHIBANLVSHIYOUXIAOBIANHUZHILILUNYANXIYUZHIDUYOUHUA》,《WULINGXUEKAN》,2019NIANDI1QIQI,DI82YE。

    [13]ZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN、SIFABU2017NIAN10YUEXIAFA《GUANYUKAIZHANXINGSHIANJIANLVSHIBIANHUQUANFUGAISHIDIANGONGZUODEBANFA》,JUEDINGZAIBEIJING、SHANGHAI、HANGZHOUDENG8GESHENG(ZHIXIASHI)KAIZHANXINGSHIANJIANLVSHIBIANHUQUANFUGAISHIDIANGONGZUO;2019NIAN1YUEJUEDINGJIANGSHIDIANQIXIANYANZHANG,GONGZUOFANWEIKUODADAOQUANGUO31GESHENG(ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHI)HEXINJIANGSHENGCHANJIANSHEBINGTUAN。

    [14] YAOLI: RENZUIRENFACHENGXUZHONGZHIBANLVSHIDEJIAOSEYUGONGNENG,《FASHANGYANJIU》,2017NIANDI6QI,DI46YE。

    [15] 《XINGSHISUSONGFA》DI36TIAO

    [16] YAOLIJIAOSHOUZAI《RENZUIRENFACHENGXUZHONGZHIBANLVSHIDEJIAOSEYUGONGNENG》YIWENZHONGTICHU,ZHIBANLVSHIGONGNENGDIWEISHIXIESHANGJIANDUZHE,ERBUJINJINSHIJIESHISHUOFUZHE。CANJIANZHUSHI4

    [17] http://www.spp.gov.cn/spp/zdgz/201803/t20180309_369847.shtml,ZUIGAORENMINJIANCHAYUANWANGZHAN,2018NIAN3YUE9RIWENZHANG,《JIANCHAJIGUANBUSHURENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUSHIDIAN RENMINFAYUANDUIJIANCHAJIGUANLIANGXINGJIANYIDECAINALVWEI92.1%》。

    [18]不需要判处有期徒刑(实刑)总人数包括判处管制、缓刑、单处附加刑和免于刑事处罚的人数。数据来源枟中国法律年鉴汇总,https: www.douban.com/note/432278520

    [19] BIANHURENDEZHIZEBAOKUOGENJUSHISHIHEFALV,TICHUBINGLUNZHENGFANZUIXIANYIREN、BEIGAORENWUZUI、ZUIQINGHUOZHEJIANQING、MIANCHUQIXINGSHIZERENDEYIJIAN。ZAIYUFANCHONGYIZHUBIAN: 《XINGSHISUSONGFA(DISIBAN)》,FALVCHUBANSHE,DI163YE。

    [20] JUGUANGZHOUSHITIANHEQURENMINJIANCHAYUANGUANFANGWANGZHAN2019NIAN4YUE2RITIWEI《TIANHEQURENMINJIANCHAYUANCHENGGONGKANGSUGUANGZHOUSHISHOUZONG“RENZUIRENFASHANGSU”ANJIAN》BAODAO,TIANHEQURENMINJIANCHAYUANTIQIKANGSU、GUANGZHOUSHIRENMINJIANCHAYUANYUANZHICHIKANGSUDEGUANGZHOUSHISHOUZONG“RENZUIRENFASHANGSU”ANJIAN——JIANGMOUMOUFANMAIDUPINYIAN,JINGGUANGZHOUSHIZHONGJIRENMINFAYUANPANJUE,YIFANMAIDUPINZUIYIFAPANCHUJIANGMOUMOUYOUQITUXINGYINIANSANGEYUE,BINGCHUFAJINRENMINBI1WANYUAN。ERCIQIANTIANHEQURENMINJIANCHAYUANYIFAJUEDINGDUIJIANGMOUMOUSHIYONGRENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDU,BINGGAOZHIJIANGMOUMOURENZUIRENFACONGKUANZHIDUXIANGGUANNEIRONGJIQUANLIYIWU,JIANGMOUMOUBIAOSHIMEIYOUYIYI。YUSHITIANHEQURENMINJIANCHAYUANXIANGTIANHEQURENMINFAYUANTICHULEDUIJIANGMOUMOUJIANQINGCHUFADELIANGXINGJIANYI,BINGHUODEYISHENFAYUANDECAINA。TIANHEQURENMINFAYUANYISHENYIFANMAIDUPINZUIYIFAPANCHUJIANGMOUMOUYOUQITUXINGJIUGEYUE,BINGCHUFAJINRENMINBI2QIANYUAN。http://guangzhouth.jcy.gov.cn/jiancha/tjdt/201904/b023c9a95a7d41d3bf10212bccc5e9dc.shtml,2019NIAN4YUE8RIFANGWEN。

    [21] 《XINGSHISUSONGFAFA》DI67TIAO。

    [22] 《XINGSHISUSONGFA》DI56TIAO。

    [23] 《JIANCHAFA》DI40TIAO。

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